Thanx to Stalin, Anon.
Postal history of India[ edit ] The Post in ancient and medieval India[ edit ] This article or section contains close paraphrasing of one or more non-free copyrighted sources. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page.
Ideas in this article should be expressed in an original manner. The antecedents have been traced to the systems of the Persian Empire instituted by Cyrus the Great and Darius I for communicating important military and political information.
The Atharvaveda or Arthveda which is one of the oldest books in the world, records a messenger service in ancient India millenniums ago. In ancient times the kings or Rajaemperors or Maharajarulers, zamindars or the feudal lords protected their land through the intelligence services of specially trained police or military agencies and courier services to convey and obtain information through runners, messengers and even through pigeons in most parts of India.
The chief of the secret service, known as the Daakpaal postmastermaintained the lines of communication The people used to send letters to [their] distant relatives through their friends or neighbors. A runner ran from one village or relay post to the next, carrying the letters on a pole with a sharp point.
His was a dangerous occupation: These mail runners were used chiefly by the rulers, for purposes of gathering information and wartime news.
They were subsequently used by merchants for trade purpose. It was much later that mail runners came to be in use for the carriage of private mail. The postal history of India primarily began with the overland routes, stretching from Persia to India.
What began as mere foot-tracks that more than often included fords across the mountainous streams, gradually evolved over the centuries as highways, used by traders and military envoys on foot and horses, for carriage of missives.
Thereupon, the Diwan-i-Barid or Department of Posts established official communication across the far-flung empire. The swiftness of the horse messengers finds mention in many of the texts of that period.
The first Sultan of Delhi, after the Mughals colonised India, Qutb-ud-din Aybak was Sultan for only four years, —, but he founded the Mamluk Dynasty and created a messenger post system.
This was expanded into the dak chowkis, a horse and foot runner service, by Alauddin Khalji in Sher Shah Suri — replaced runners with horses for conveyance of messages along the northern Indian high road, today known as the Grand Trunk Roadwhich he constructed between Bengal and Sindh over an ancient trade route at the base of the Himalayas, the Uttarapatha.
Lord Clive further expanded the services in and in Warren Hastings made the services available to the general public. The fee charged was two annas per miles. Alongside these, private dawk mail systems sprang up for the commercial conveyance of messages using hired runners.
Also, the East India Company created its own infrastructure for the expansion and administration of military and commercial power.Indian Post was established in in order to provide quick postal deliveries for the EAST INDIA COMPANY in India, afterwards it as opened for common public too, therefore it can be concluded that Indian Post’s basic core process is to provide with the quick service of delivering posts and parcels around the country and globe.
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